Surgery is a branch of medicine or medical science which makes use of surgical instruments or operative technique to explore or heal a disease or physical condition on an individual to improve physical function, appearance, or even to repair permanently damaged tissues. It has been in existence since the Stone Age. In modern times, surgery can be used to correct deformities, treat infections, repair serious wounds, reconstruct bodily tissues, remove bones or other matter for reconstructive purposes, and sometimes to eliminate serious illnesses. A variety of surgery techniques are used to accomplish these goals.
Pediatric Surgery deals with the most common medical problems in children and young people and is one of the fastest growing fields in the medical field. The greatest advancement in this field has been made through the use of sophisticated technology and instruments which have made it possible to perform many more advanced procedures than were previously possible. Today, under the most appropriate circumstances, pediatric surgery can be performed by highly trained, fully accredited surgeons with very high levels of skill and expertise. The highest quality of care and the safest procedures are achieved in this specialized field.
Some of the most common pediatric surgical procedures include surgeries for the treatment of birth defects, craniofacial abnormalities, burns, developmental delays, traumatic injuries, cleft lip/palate and adenoidectomy, ear infections, brain surgeries, and microtia, also known as mole removal. The techniques involve many delicate steps and even a few big operations. For instance, in the case of a birth defect, a cleft palate or an adenoidectomy involves surgical removal of tissue resulting in an improved cleft palate for the child. During a traumatic injury, a cleft lip and palate might lead to the formation of a deformed ear. Another very common example of an operative procedure is that of ear surgery or microtia. In an ear infection, surgeons remove an infected external ear.
Pediatric surgeons are highly trained medical professionals who perform all sorts of surgical procedures. This specialty area of medicine houses surgeons who have extensive training, extensive academic records and a recognized license to practice surgery. They also have extensive experience in performing all kinds of complex procedures, and in special areas like anesthesiology, plastic surgery, dermatology, and orthopedics. These surgeons possess the skills required to give their patients not only a satisfactory surgical experience but also a safe and effective postoperative care after the surgery.
The techniques involved in pediatric surgery often require the use of general anesthesia. It is administered through an anesthesiologist, a doctor who has received specialized training in the use of anesthesia to perform surgery. General anesthesia is necessary because the surgery may involve a number of complex or sensitive surgical procedures and involve a large number of muscles, tendons, ligaments and tissues. An experienced anesthesiologist can determine the correct dose of the anesthetic agent for a patient and also help to ensure that the patient is comfortable during and after the surgery. He or she can also help the surgeon performs the surgery correctly.
Pediatric surgeons are trained to perform minimally invasive surgery, which involves making small incisions in the body to perform surgical procedures. Minimally invasive surgery techniques allow pediatric surgeons to perform delicate surgical procedures without any of the side effects that can result from standard types of surgery. This minimally invasive form of surgery, sometimes called an ‘incisionless caesarian knife technique’ allows the surgeon to control blood loss, remove foreign objects or remove certain tissue structures by making very small incisions. This technique is highly successful in treating children, because it does not require the use of general anesthesia and does not involve the use of scalpels, knives, scalpels, or anything else that would normally be found in a pediatric surgery.