Surgery is a specialized medical or surgical specialty which makes use of technical operative manual and surgical techniques on an individual to study or treat an pathological condition like an injury or a disease, to assist in improving physical function, appearance, or even to repair injured areas. It is also known as the division of surgery which involves the study, treatment and prevention of diseases. Surgery as a discipline has branches like neurosurgery, cardiology, dermatology, plastic surgery, urology, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and thoracic surgery. The sub-specialties of surgery include plastic surgery, nephrology, pathophysiology, abdominal cavity surgery, breast surgery, throat surgery, neck surgery, face surgery, stomach surgery, lung surgery, pediatric surgery and infertility treatment. A surgeon’s qualification mainly depends on his expertise in treating the diseases and their complications, the nature of the disease, the extent of patient’s condition and the methods used for carrying out the operation.
Before you opt for surgery, it is better that you get some understanding of what it involves so that you can decide whether you really need help or not. In fact, you should talk to your family doctor or perhaps the surgeon who operates on you regularly so that you know your post-operative recovery plan. After surgery, you need to follow a strict preoperative diet and exercise regime. In addition, you will be prescribed certain medication or cream that needs to be taken for a short period of time so that you do not get an infection.
The preoperative stage of surgery starts with the extraction of the sponges from the rectum or the colon. This is done so that there is no foreign object in the digestive tract that can cause any kind of harm. The second phase of surgery is preparation for the surgery itself. The third phase of this process sees the incision made and the actual surgery conducted. Thus, you have to be completely sure of the surgeon and his staff before going for the procedure.
There are quite a number of surgeons in the city but not all of them can be trusted. To find a good surgeon, it is best if you approach a healthcare provider, preferably one who is recommended by your family doctor. Another source of finding a reliable surgeon is to make a phone call to various hospitals in the city and ask for the contact details of a surgeon who is qualified to perform the procedure you want. You can also look for surgeons online as there are several such healthcare providers available on the internet. However, one should always bear in mind that surgery is serious business and it should be undertaken only by well-experienced and qualified surgeons.
As soon as the surgery is over, you should be back to your normal lifestyle within a few days to a week. This means that you cannot resume any strenuous work or exercises for at least a week or two. It is during this period that the stitches will be removed and you will begin to recover from the surgery. You should ensure that you have someone along with you during the recovery time so that you do not face any difficulties or problems arising out of the operation.
The third phase of the surgery is the post-operative stage. In this stage, the stitches will be removed and your skin will be tightened. An oral or vaginal suppository will be prescribed to keep you feeling well and prevent you from vomiting or regurgitating the suppository. Your stitches will be withdrawn after about three to four days and you will be given medication to make sure that you don’t
get an infection. Within a week or two, you will be discharged from the hospital and will be able to return home.